Original Photo By: Trevor Blake
Occurrences of kidney stones seem to be more prevailing these days. Various factors are known (or suspected) to be contributing to the rise of this health issue. The main contributing factor for the formation of kidney stones is inadequate hydration. Therefore you should always replenish bodily fluids that get depleted due to sweating and other forms of fluid excretions.
There are a few types of kidney stones; some more common than others. Below are some information I’ve obtained regarding the more common ones.
Calcium Oxalate Kidney Stones
Calcium oxalate kidney stones are the most common type of kidney stones. It occurs when the urine is acidic.
Prevention of calcium oxalate kidney stones can be achieved by reducing the intake of food that is high in oxalate. Foods that are known to have high oxalate counts include strawberries, liver, grapes, celery and chocolate.
Although present in its name, one should not reduce or eliminate calcium from his diet to avoid this type of kidney stone. In fact, you should moderately increase calcium consumption as it has been demonstrated to hinder the formation of kidney stones in general.
Calcium Phosphate Kidney Stones
Calcium phosphate kidney stones are less commonly diagnosed than calcium oxalate kidney stones. Contrary to calcium oxalate kidney stones, the calcium phosphate variety occurs when the urine is alkalic.
It can be prevented by consuming sufficient vitamin C and calcium.
Uric Acid Kidney Stones
The occurrences of uric acid kidney stones is similar to calcium oxalate; ie. it tends to occur when the urine is consistently acidic. It’s also observed to be more frequent in those who consume a diet with high animal proteins.
Uric acid kidney stones can be prevented by regulating consumption of organ meat and shellfish. Obesity is also identified as a risk factor in developing uric acid kidney stones, so exercise regularly.
Struvite Kidney Stones
Struvite kidney stones are caused by bacteria infections in the kidney. The stones are composed of ammonium and magnesium phosphate.
Surgery is often required to remove struvite kidney stones followed up by antibiotic treatments to control the bacteria that caused it in the first place.
Cystine Kidney Stones
Cystine kidney stones occur due to a rare genetic disorder called cystinuria that’s usually genetically inherited.
Symptoms include blood in the urine, kidney pain, renal colic and urinary tract blockages and infection. Doctors often prescribe penicillamine to help alleviate the formation of cystine kidney stones.